New Jerusalem’s River Flows in its Street

Revelation 22:1 says that New Jerusalem has “a river of water of life, bright as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb in the middle of its street.” And 21:21 says, “the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.”

The golden street portrays the divine nature. To walk on this street, which is to walk according to the divine nature, we need to drink the Spirit who is the water of life. The more we drink, the more we are “bright as crystal,” constituted with “pure gold,” and become like “transparent glass.”

In Romans 6, through being identified with Christ in His death and resurrection, we “walk in newness of life” which is to be “in the likeness of His resurrection,” the likeness displayed by New Jerusalem. In Romans 7 the parallel is to “walk in newness of spirit.” This walk is on the golden street and enabled by the river of water of life, the Spirit.New Jerusalem

Stephen was an example of this. In Acts 6 he was a man “a man full of faith and of the Holy Spirit” (v. 5), “full of grace and power” (v. 8), spoke with “wisdom and the Spirit” (v. 10), and under persecution his face had a heavenly appearance (v. 15). As he died, he lived out the forgiving pattern of the Lord Jesus (Luke 23:34) and “cried out with a loud voice, Lord, do not hold this sin against them.”

He was a manifestation of the life of New Jerusalem empowered by the river of life, the Spirit.

Photo courtesy of pixabay.com.

The Street of the City is Pure, Divine Gold

New JerusalemRevelation 21 tells us “the city [New Jerusalem] was pure gold, like clear glass” (v. 18) and “the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass” (v. 21).

Recent posts, Pure Gold and Divine, Eternal Gold, discuss the gold in verse 18. The gold in verse 21 is the same. It represents the divine nature, it is eternal, it is pure and transparent, and it is not physical gold.

Second Peter 1:3-4 says that God “has called us by His own glory and virtue, through which He has granted to us precious and exceedingly great promises that through these you might become partakers of the divine nature.” God’s glory is involved in calling us and bringing us all the way to the city of glory, New Jerusalem.

Through God’s calling and the precious promises He gave to us, we become partakers of the divine nature. By partaking we are constituted with this nature and we walk according to this nature, portrayed by the golden street of New Jerusalem.

This constitution is like clear glass and our walk is like transparent glass—nothing in darkness, nothing deceitful, nothing sneaky, nothing cloudy. We advance in this clearness and transparency by laying hold of the “precious and exceedingly great promises” to partake of more of the divine nature.

Lord Jesus, thank You for the wonderful promises in the Bible. Keep me feeding on them every day. Constitute me with Your divine nature and keep me walking in it all the way to New Jerusalem!

New Jerusalem in Revelation 21:9-20

Revelation 21:9-11: “Come here; I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb. And he carried me away in spirit onto a great and high mountain and showed me the holy city, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, having the glory of God. Her light was like a most precious stone, like a jasper stone, as clear as crystal.

Here are the recent posts from Revelation 21 with the main verse for each.

21:9, God’s Final Judgments, then New Jerusalem
21:9, The Bride, the Wife, New Jerusalem

New Jerusalem21:10, Carried Away in Spirit to See New Jerusalem
21:10, On a High Mountain, See New Jerusalem
21:10, Heavenly Jerusalem is on Earth from God

21:11, New Jerusalem Has the Glory of God
21:11, New Jerusalem’s Precious Light
21:11, New Jerusalem, Clear as Crystal

21:12, The Great and High Wall of New Jerusalem
21:12, New Jerusalem has a Wall with Twelve Gates
21:12, The City has 12 Gates, 12 Angels, 12 Names

21:13, We Enter by the Gates into New Jerusalem

21:14, New Jerusalem’s Wall has 12 Foundations

21:15, New Jerusalem is Divinity in Humanity

21:16, New Jerusalem is the Eternal Holy of Holies
21:16, Holy of Holies: Come Forward, Don’t Wait

21:17, The Eternally Perfect Wall of New Jerusalem

21:18, The Jasper Wall Expresses God                                               New Jerusalem
21:18, New Jerusalem is Pure Gold                                                       in Revelation
21:18, New Jerusalem is Divine, Eternal Gold                                          21:1-8

21:19-20, The Foundations of New Jerusalem’s Wall

Many older posts about Revelation 21:9-11.
Many older posts about Revelation 21:12-21.

Photo courtesy of U.S. National Park Service.

New Jerusalem is Divine, Eternal Gold

Revelation 21:18 says of New Jerusalem, “the city was pure gold, like clear glass.” We must not think that this is physical gold. Physical gold, although valued highly in our societies, does not measure up to the much higher standard of New Jerusalem, as shown in the following verses.

James 5:3, “Your gold and your silver have rusted, and their rust will be a testimony against you…”
1 Peter 1:7 “The proving of your faith, much more precious than of gold which perishes…”
1 Peter 1:18 “Knowing that it was not with corruptible things, with silver or gold, that you were redeemed…”
1 Peter 3:3 “Let your adorning not be the outward plaiting of hair and putting on of gold or clothing with garments, but the hidden man of the heart in the incorruptible adornment of a meek and quiet spirit, which is very costly in the sight of God.”

New JerusalemNew Jerusalem being pure gold means that it is constituted of the divine nature. Physical gold is not the real thing—it was created by God to portray something of Himself. The basic element of New Jerusalem is the divine nature trans-mitted into us by the regenerating Spirit.

Physical gold has caused much envy and greed, many robberies, and ostentatious displays. The divine gold has none of these problems. Furthermore, Peter tells us that physical gold perishes. Divine gold is eternal. New Jerusalem is pure, divine, incorruptible, eternal, and much more precious than physical gold.

No Physical Gold in New Jerusalem

New Jerusalem is Pure Gold

Revelation 21:18 says of New Jerusalem, “the city was pure gold, like clear glass.”

New Jerusalem is “pure gold.” Pureness is one of God’s attributes. He desires that we receive Him as our life and partake of His purity. Matthew 5:8 says, “Blessed are the pure in heart.” First John 3:2-3 says, “We know that if He is manifested, we will be like Him because we will see Him even as He is. And everyone who has this hope set on Him
New Jerusalempurifies himself, even as He is pure.”

In ourselves we are not pure, but we can seek His purity. First Timothy 3:9 speaks of “holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience.” The pure conscience is for holding the mystery of the faith but also the more we hold it, the more we are purified.

James tells us “the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, forbearing, compliant, full of mercy and good fruit, impartial, without hypocrisy.” We can ask the Lord daily to be our wisdom in order to gain its purity and to be saved from hypocrisy (mixture, impurity, corruption, falsehood).

Since New Jerusalem is “like clear glass” the absence of mixture is clearly visible. And the clearness allows the glory of God to shine out through the entire city. Revelation 21:11 declares, New Jerusalem “has the glory of God.”

New Jerusalem is Divinity in Humanity

Revelation 21:15 says, “And he who spoke with me had a golden reed as a measure that he might measure the city and its gates and its wall.”

The angel who showed New Jerusalem to John had a golden reed with which to measure the city. In the Bible gold signifies the divine nature. Everything about New Jerusalem has to be measured by the divine nature. Everything of the city must come from God in Christ.

But what about us? We are humans yet we are part of the city. The answer is the Spirit’s work in us. Our human spirit is born of New Jerusalemthe divine Spirit and thus we become one spirit with the Lord (1 Cor. 6:17).

Through the rich salvation God imparted to us, we become “partakers of the divine nature” (2 Peter 1:3-4). This matches the golden nature of New Jerusalem.

Then the Spirit does more in us to renew us in our mind by imparting the divine newness into our mind (Rom. 12:2; Eph. 4:23; Titus 3:5). When the Lord returns He “will transfigure the body of our humiliation to be conformed to the body of His glory” (Phil. 3:21). His glory comes from the divine nature and we will be conformed to His glory.

When we are transfigured, every part of our human being—spirit, soul, and body—will be fully out of the old creation and renewed into the new creation. This is New Jerusalem—the Triune God with His divinity saturating His people’s humanity.

Bible verses quoted in these posts are from The Holy Bible, Recovery Version, published and © by Living Stream Ministry, Anaheim CA, 2003. The New Testament of this Bible, with its outlines, footnotes, and cross-references, is at online.recoveryversion.org; this too is © by LSM.

New Jerusalem is on Earth from God

Revelation 21:2, “I saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.” Revelation 21:10 repeats, “the holy city, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God.”

New Jerusalem is holy, new, the foundation of peace, and heavenly because it is from God. God is holy; whatever is filled with God is also holy, not only in position but even more in nature. Likewise, God is the measure of newness; everything of God, with God’s life, is new; everything lacking the divine life is old, even dead.

New JerusalemFurthermore, New Jerusalem is the foundation of peace because God is its peace. Apart from God, in the fall of man, there is no real peace and no possibility of peace. And New Jerusalem is heavenly because its substance is the divine nature, “the city was pure gold” (Rev. 21:18). Gold in the Bible represents the divine nature.

All the characteristics of New Jerusalem derive from God Himself, from God’s accomplishments in Christ, and from God’s operation as the Spirit in the believers. The Triune God is the element, the substance, of the city.

New Jerusalem not only comes “from God” but also comes with God. The city and God can never be separated. God is on the throne at the center of New Jerusalem, and God’s glory illuminates the whole city.

Photo courtesy of Good Free Photos.

Glorified with Christ for New Jerusalem

Jesus Christ will come again in glory and sit on the throne of His glory. Everything of glory points to New Jerusalem and eternally the throne of glory will be the center of New Jerusalem, the city of glory.

It is God’s intention to glorify us with Christ. Verses we have looked at recently:
• Romans 8:29-30: glorification is the goal of our being called and justified.
• Romans 8:17: we suffer with Christ to be glorified with Him.
• 2 Corinthians 4:17-18: our temporary afflictions work out an eternal weight of glory.
• 2 Thessalonians 1:10: the Lord is coming to be glorified in His saints.

New JerusalemColossians 3 is parallel to these: “When Christ our life is manifested, then you also will be manifested with Him in glory.” Christ will be manifested to the entire earth in His second coming. And we will be manifested with Him.

Our manifestation in glory is not merely that we will be in a glory surrounding us. Instead, the glory will shine out from within us. This is certain because “Christ our life” (inside of us) is coupled with “manifested with Him in glory.”

The Christ who is living and spreading within us now will shine forth as glory. He, as the glorious expression of God, will radiate through every mature believer. Ultimately, God in Christ will saturate New Jerusalem and radiate through the entire city.

The glory will radiate unhindered because New Jerusalem is “pure gold, like clear glass” (Rev. 21:18).

See His Face in New Jerusalem

Revelation 22:4 tells us that in New Jerusalem, “they will see His face.” They refers to “His slaves” in the previous verse. His in these verses refer to God and the Lamb on the throne (v. 3). The Two are One.

New JerusalemThe statement in 22:4 is the consummation of the Lord’s promise in Matthew 5, “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.” We in ourselves cannot be pure. Only the Lord Himself is pure.

The answer is to turn our heart to the Lord. When we do this, the veils are taken away. Turning our heart is not a one-time matter but a daily exercise. We turn and open to the Lord, asking Him to impart His purity into us.

First Peter 1:22 says, “you have purified your souls by your obedience to the truth unto unfeigned brotherly love.” The purifying of our souls is the Spirit’s sanctifying of our disposition that we may live a holy life in God’s holy nature (v. 15-16). This purifying is like the washing of the water in the word in Eph. 5:26.*

This purity is not solely for seeing His face but for our entire participation in New Jerusalem. We cannot have the blessing in 22:4 apart from the whole of New Jerusalem, and the whole is pure. “The city was pure gold, like clear glass” (Rev. 21:18).

Lord, work in me daily to purify my entire heart toward You!


* Part of footnote 1 on 1 Peter 1:22 in the Recovery Version NT; footnotes written by Witness Lee.

Photo by Chris Larsen courtesy of NASA.

The Street of New Jerusalem is Transparent

Revelation 21:21 says of New Jerusalem “the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.” The gold of New Jerusalem’s street is not physical but spiritual, signifying the divine nature.

New JerusalemThe Greek adjective translated transparent is only in this one verse in the NT. God’s purpose was hidden in past ages, but with God’s person nothing is opaque, nothing is cloudy. God’s being is pure, clear, and transparent. His goal, New Jerusalem, matches Him. New Jerusalem is Pure, Transparent, Bright

How do we become transparent to match New Jerusalem? A Greek verb related to the adjective transparent also occurs once, in 2 Peter 1:19, translated dawns or shines through. The whole verse is, “We have the prophetic word made more firm, to which you do well to give heed as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts.”

The world is certainly a dark place, and some parts of our being are still dark. Peter’s encouragement is that we give heed to the word of God. Because God’s word is life, it is also light. Thus, it is a shining lamp to penetrate our darkness, to shine through and make us transparent.

“The word of God is living and operative and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing…” (Heb. 4:12). Lord, keep us in Your living word day by day that You may shine through us and make us transparent.

Photo courtesy of NASA, JPL-Caltech, and U. of Arizona.

The Gold of New Jerusalem is Spiritual

When John saw New Jerusalem, “the city was pure gold, like clear glass” (Rev. 21:18). “And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass” (21:21). When we see these verses, we might think of natural gold. However, New Jerusalem is a spiritual entity, a city in resurrection. It is not built with physical gold.

“We ought not to suppose that what is divine is like gold or silver or stone, like an engraving of art and thought of man.” (Acts 17:29). Is New Jerusalem “divine”? Yes, it “comes down out of heaven from God” (Rev. 3:12; 21:2, 10). Therefore, we should not suppose that it is physical gold.

James 5:3 speaks of gold rusting, 1 Peter 1:7 says that gold perishes, and 1 Peter 1:18 likens gold to corruptible things. New Jerusalem is eternal and does not rust, perish, or get corrupted. These three verses make it clear that the gold of New Jerusalem is not physical.

Gold in Revelation 21 signifies the divine nature, which is the basic element of the city. Second Peter 1 speaks about God’s wonderful provisions for our Christian life. Verse 4 says, “He has granted to us precious and exceedingly great promises that through these you might become partakers of the divine nature.”

By prayer, singing, praising, calling on the Lord, and diligently receiving the living word of God (Eph. 6:17-18, Heb. 4:11-12), we partake of the divine nature. This makes us divinely golden, corresponding now with the eternal nature of New Jerusalem.

New Jerusalem, a Bride Adorned

John declares in Revelation 21:2, “I saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.” New Jerusalem is a corporate person, the bride of the Lamb, Jesus Christ.

This bride is adorned. Let us use the Bible to determine what this adorning is and is not. Paul, in 1 Timothy 2:9 exhorts “that women adorn themselves in proper clothing with modesty and sobriety, not with braided hair and gold or pearls or costly clothing.” Here the genuine Christian adorning is not outward decoration but proper virtues*.

New JerusalemWe should apply this to our expectations for New Jerusalem. The gold of the city is not physical gold but a sign (Revelation is a book of signs) of the divine nature which saturates the city. Likewise the pearl gates are not physical but portray the death and resurrection of Christ through which we enter the city.

Additionally, the precious stones are not something of human jewelry but display the transforming work of the Spirit in all the believers. This work causes the city to have the appearance of jasper (Rev. 21:11) which is also the appearance of God on the throne (Rev. 4:3).

The adorning of New Jerusalem is the Triune God Himself wrought into all believers and shining out through them. By partaking of the divine nature, the gold (2 Pet. 1:4), experiencing the death and resurrection of Christ as our pearl (Phil. 3:10), and participating in the transforming by the Spirit (2 Cor. 3:18) to make us precious stones, we become constituted and adorned to be New Jerusalem to manifest the Triune God.

* More on this in the next post.

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