Which Language in New Jerusalem ?

The multitude of human languages are a problem. It takes a considerable effort to learn a language  and even within the same language, accents and regional vocabulary differences sometimes hinder communications.

This language problem began early in human history. Genesis 11:1 says, “the whole earth had one language and the same speech.” Then men, putting God aside (rebelling), said “let us build ourselves a city and a tower whose top is in the heavens; and let us make a name for ourselves” (11:4).

God came to see this city and tower (11:5) and declared “Behold, they are one people, and they all have one language; and this is only the beginning of what they will do….Come, let Us [the Triune God] go down and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech” (11:6-7). “Therefore its [the city’s] name was called Babel*, because there Jehovah confounded the language of all the earth” (11:9).

New JerusalemThis confusion is a curse, it is God’s judgment on rebellious mankind. Today, we who have believed into Him are “all one in Christ Jesus” (Gal. 3:28). Yet, although we love all God’s children, and can rejoice in the Lord among believers of different languages, we still suffer because of languages. But not in New Jerusalem!

So, which language will we use in New Jerusalem? I do not know, because the Bible does not say, and I will not speculate. However, I am convinced that we will all understand one another completely because in New Jerusalem “there will no longer be a curse” (Rev. 22:3). Instead, in New Jerusalem we will enjoy our oneness in Christ to the fullest extent, including oneness in language.

* Today many dictionaries define “babel” as a confusion of voices or sounds.
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No Curse in New Jerusalem

New JerusalemRevelation 22:3 declares, “there will no longer be a curse.” This statement is true not only for New Jerusalem but also for the entire new creation.

The curse came in because Adam ate of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. “And to Adam He said, Because you…have eaten of the tree concerning which I commanded you, saying, You shall not eat of it; cursed is the ground because of you; in toil will you eat of it all the days of your life” (Gen. 3:17).

Besides the curse, death came in when Adam ate of the tree of knowledge. “Jehovah God commanded the man…of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, of it you shall not eat; for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die” (Gen. 2:16-17).

But, “Christ has redeemed us out of the curse of the law, having become a curse on our behalf; because it is written, ‘Cursed is every one hanging on a tree'” (Gal. 3:13). This redemption enables us to receive the Spirit, as declared by the next verse in Galatians, “In order that the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.”

Through Christ’s redemption we receive the Spirit of life, who is the divine life, portrayed by the life Adam should have received by eating the tree of life (Gen. 2:9). The operating of this Spirit in us frees us from the working of sin and death in our being (Rom. 8:2).

Eventually all creation will be freed from sin and death. Death will be cast into the lake of fire (Rev. 20:14), hence “death will be no more” (Rev. 21:4). As a result, in New Jerusalem and in all of he new creation there will be no sin, no death, and no curse.

This post is in my list of what is NOT in New Jerusalem.

Photo courtesy of NASA.

Acts 26:18 and New Jerusalem (2)

Acts 26:18 records six aspects of the heavenly commission from the Lord Jesus to Paul. The last is that we receive an inheritance. As with all five prior aspects, the consumma-tion of the inheritance is with New Jerusalem.

This inheritance comes to us in three stages—in this age, in the age that begins with the Lord’s second coming, and in eternity in New Jerusalem.

New JerusalemThe New Testament primarily speaks of the inheritance in the kingdom age and in eternity. Nevertheless, Ephesians 1:14 says that the Spirit “is the pledge of our inheritance.” This pledge is a guarantee. It is also a sample, giving us a present taste of the coming inheritance. The Spirit Himself, as our realization of the Triune God, is the sample, indicating that the Triune God is the fullness of our inheritance.

Also, Galatians 3:14 speaks of our receiving the blessing of Abraham, which is the promised Spirit. The promise is of God (v. 16), it is also God’s covenant (v. 17), and it is our inheritance (v. 18). This is the Spirit flowing as the river of life in New Jerusalem.

In Revelation 21:7 the Lord tells us, “he who overcomes will inherit these things.” This is in the context of the Lord describing Himself and describing New Jerusalem. Hence, the Lord Jesus Christ as the reality of everything in New Jerusalem and as the embodiment of the Triune God is our inheritance.

An overall definition:* This inheritance is the Triune God Himself with all He has, all He has done, and all He will do for His redeemed people. The Triune God is embodied in the all-inclusive Christ (Col. 2:9), who is the portion allotted to the saints as their inheritance (Col. 1:12).

Ultimately this inheritance is the Triune God in New Jerusalem allotted to us.

* From footnote 6 on Acts 26:18 in NT Recovery Version Online.
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