Three Precious Materials

the Triune God in New JerusalemThis post continues looking at the parallels between the garden of Eden and New Jerusalem.

In the garden of Eden the materials were gold, bdellium (a fragrant resin), and onyx stone. Today the precious materials are gold, silver, and precious stones (1 Corinthians 3:12). In New Jerusalem the materials are gold, pearls, and precious stones; Revelation 21:18-21 says, “The city was pure gold, like clear glass. The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with every precious stone….And the twelve gates were twelve pearls.”

All of these materials are pictures of spiritual matters. The fact that there are three materials refers to the Triune God—His eternal nature, the completed work of Christ, and the present operation of the Spirit in the believers.

Gold appears always and the one type of precious stone in Genesis multiplies to twelve types of precious stones in Revelation. But the second material goes through some changes. Bdellium is from the plant life. At that time, in Genesis 2, man was pure, without sin, and there was no need of redemption. Hence, unlike the latter pictures, the second material in Genesis 2 does not clearly portray redemption.

In 1 Corinthians 3:12 the second material is silver. This might signify that, by His death, Jesus redeemed/purchased us by paying a price. One verse related to this is Revelation 5:9, in which the Lamb is praised “for You were slain and have purchased for God by Your blood men out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation.”

In Revelation 21 the second material is pearl. This signifies the death and resurrection of Christ (see related posts) through which we enter into our spiritual life with Christ and into New Jerusalem. How wonderful that the divine presentation is consistent from Genesis to Revelation, from the garden of Eden to New Jerusalem.

Photo courtesy of U.S. National Park Service.

Related posts:
Gates of Pearl
The Twelve Gates are Twelve Pearls

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  1. The Garden of Eden and New Jerusalem | New Jerusalem – A Biblical View
  2. NO Physical Gold in New Jerusalem | New Jerusalem - the Consummation
  3. New Jerusalem Prepared, Adorned (2) | New Jerusalem - the Consummation

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